Jan 30, 2014

More colors of Provence

As mentioned in an earlier post entitled, "Color schemes in 19th C French textiles, part 9," red and gold were favorite colors in sunny Provence.  (To see that earlier post: http://french-treasures.blogspot.com/2011/03/color-schemes-in-19-c-french-fabrics.html)

Another favored color scheme from that era that we don't see very often nowadays is shades of turquoise or aqua with shades of red. Some interesting variations on this color scheme are shown below, starting with a lovely early-19th century imported fabric from India using red and aqua as the main color scheme:

Jan 24, 2014

Napoleon and the color blue

Napoleon Bonaparte was one of the first to promote "buy local."
During the 18th century, in the years before the revolution, most wealthy people imported their textiles and luxury goods despite strict laws against importing many types of textiles. The French textile industry languished and so did all the associated businesses like the dyers, the farmers who produced the raw materials, the weavers and the shopkeepers.
During the Middle Ages, the region around Toulouse had produced woad - a natural blue dye that is similar to indigo.  By the time Napoleon came to power, imported indigo was the preferred blue dye used in France. As a result, the French producers of woad were suffering and the entire Toulouse region was economically weak.
Napoleon chose the color blue for the French military uniforms in order to revive the production of woad. He decreed that the cloth for the military uniforms be produced in France with French wool, dyed blue with French woad and woven by French textile mills.  The region that produced woad thrived again under the Republic.