The first picture below shows a faux crewel work on a white background.
The next three pictures show a technique that was called "chiné à la branche" which was a kind of ikat weave. The yarn was dyed in the pattern before being woven. Once it was woven, it formed the motif, but created a blurry effect. The first picture below shows the real thing - a woven silk "chiné à la branche." The next two are printed cottons, designed to imitate the technique.
The next sample uses a geometric rug pattern and then creates a print that looks like embroidery and cording.
The last two shown here create the illusion of needlepoint floral motifs on a flat background.