May 1, 2010

Very clever antique faux prints

By the second half of the 19th century, when French printing techniques were more precise and faster, following trends or creating trends became part of the marketing philosophy of many textile manufacturers. One design technique that was popular was to create a printed fabric that resembled hand-stitchery. Hand-stitching was still the rule in most homes, so it's odd to think the embroiderers and women who worked needlepoint would buy faux prints, but they undoubtedly did. All fabrics on the post are from the 19th century.
The first picture below shows a faux crewel work on a white background.
The next three pictures show a technique that was called "chiné à la branche" which was a kind of ikat weave. The yarn was dyed in the pattern before being woven. Once it was woven, it formed the motif, but created a blurry effect.  The first picture below shows the real thing - a woven silk "chiné à la branche."  The next two are printed cottons, designed to imitate the technique.
The next sample uses a geometric rug pattern and then creates a print that looks like embroidery and cording.
The last two shown here create the illusion of needlepoint floral motifs on a flat background.

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